Tag Archives: paediatric

Paediatric Reference Cards available to download

Below is a link to a simple pdf of our standardised paeds reference cards as carried in all of our emergency medical packs. GSA-HEMS Paediatric Emergency Reference Cards NB. The tracheal tube internal diameters (“ETT size”) are based on the fact … Continue reading

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Swimming the Channelopathy

Drowning is one of the leading causes of accidental death in children. Some apparent drownings may be related to sudden cardiac death, in particular to unidentified channelopathies, which are known to precipitate fatal arrhythmias during swimming-related events. The majority of … Continue reading

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Paediatric arrest outcomes

A study of out-of-hospital paediatric arrests in Melbourne gives some useful outcome data: overall, paediatric victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survived to leave hospital in 7.7% of cases, which is similar to adult survival in the same emergency system (8%). … Continue reading

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AED Use in Children Now Includes Infants

From the new 2010 resuscitation guidelines: For attempted defibrillation of children 1 to 8 years of age with an AED, the rescuer should use a pediatric dose-attenuator system if one is available. If the rescuer provides CPR to a child … Continue reading

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Peripheral vasoactive infusions

It is often recommended that vasoactive agents are infused via central lines because of the risk of infiltration and tissue injury. The Children’s Hospital Boston transport team describe transport of 73 infants and children who were treated during interhospital transport … Continue reading

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Paediatric Tube Cuff Pressures

A paediatric critical care transport service encountered elevated tracheal tube cuff pressures (>30 cmH20) in 41% of 60 consecutive care studied, and over 60 cmH20 in 30%. This measurement was taken on arrival at the bedside, not in flight. Cuffed … Continue reading

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Weight formula for kids

The traditional ‘APLS formula’ for weight estimation in children based on age (wt in kg = [age+4] x 2) is recognised as underestimating weight in ‘developed’ countries, with the degree of underestimation increasing with increasing age. Several authors have attempted … Continue reading

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Infant CPR: two thumbs even when alone

Infant CPR guidelines recommend two-finger chest compressions with a lone rescuer and two-thumb with two rescuers. Two-thumb provides better chest compression but is perceived to be associated with increased ventilation hands-off time. A manikin study revealed more effective compressions with … Continue reading

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Guideline improved pre-hospital RSI in kids

French physicians provide pre-hospital critical care in medical teams of regional SAMU (service d’aide me ́dicale urgente). A national guideline was introduced in France to guide the management of traumatic brain injury (TBI), which included airway management. A study was conducted … Continue reading

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Paediatric Retrieval – what's the rush?

The Children’s Acute Transport Service (CATS) in the UK performed 2106 interfacility transports between April 2006 and March 2008. The stabilisation time averaged just over 2 hrs. Stabilisation time was prolonged by the number of major interventions required to stabilise the … Continue reading

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