The following is a list of academic publications authored by GSA-HEMS physicians and paramedics.

Publications 2022

1. Miller MR, Gemal H, Ware S, Hayes-Bradley C. The Association of Laryngeal Position on Videolaryngoscopy and Time Taken to Intubate Using Spatial Point Pattern Analysis of Prospectively Collected Quality Assurance Data. Anesth Analg. 2022;134:1288-96.

2. Partyka C, Miller M, Johnson T, Burns, B et al. Prehospital Activation of a Coordinated Multidisciplinary Hospital Response in Preparation for Patients With Severe Hemorrhage. A State-Wide Data Linkage Study of the New South Wales “code Crimson” Pathway. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2022

3. Miller M, Bootland D, Jorm L, Gallego B. Improving Ambulance Dispatch Triage to Trauma: A Scoping Review Using the Framework of Development and Evaluation of Clinical Prediction Rules. Injury. 2022;53:1746-55.

4. Hsu, B Carcel, C Wang, X Peters, SAE Randall, DA Havard, A Miller, M Redfern, J Woodward, M Jorm, LR Sex differences in emergency medical services management of patients with myocardial infarction: analysis of routinely collected data for over 110,000 patients. Am Heart J 2021;241:87-91.

5. Wang, X Carcel, C Hsu, B Shajahan, S Miller, M Peters, S Randall, DA Havard, A Redfern, J Anderson, CS Jorm, L Woodward Differences in the Pre-Hospital Management of Women and Men With Stroke By Emergency Medical Services in New South Wales. Med J Aust. 2022

6. Hayes-Bradley C, Gemal H, Miller M, Ware S. Describing the Challenges of Prehospital Rapid Sequence Intubation By Macintosh Blade Video Laryngoscopy Recordings. Prehosp Disaster med. 20221-7.

7. Partyka C, Coggins A, Bliss J, Burns B et al. A Multicenter Evaluation of the Accuracy of Prehospital Efast By a Physician-Staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service. Emerg Radiol. 2022;29:299-306.

8. Miller M, Ware S. Even When No Survivors Are Recorded, the Chance of Survival is Not Always Zero. Air Med J. 2021;40:195. [letter]

9. Emerg Med Australas 2022 Aug 22. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.14066. Online ahead of print.Another option for maintaining traction of balloon tamponade devices during transport following variceal haemorrhage Cliff Reid 1 2Toby Fogg 3 4, Lindsay Court 1

10. J Paediatr Child Health 2022 Jul;58(7):1272-1273. doi: 10.1111/jpc.16036.Diagnosing a fracture using a smartphone during the COVID-19 pandemic. Isaac G Eslick 1Kal Reid 2Guy D Eslick 1Cliff Reid 2

11. Air Med J 2022 Jan-Feb;41(1):73-77. doi: 10.1016/j.amj.2021.10.009. Epub 2021 Nov 24.Prehospital Care: An International Comparison of Independently Developed Training Courses. Per P Bredmose 1Jeff Hooper 2Sandra Viggers 3Joacim Linde 4Cliff Reid 5Gareth Grier 6Stefan Mazur

12.Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2022 Jun;48(3):2145-2156. doi: 10.1007/s00068-021-01837-3. Epub 2021 Nov 18. Determinants of long-term unplanned readmission and mortality following self-inflicted and non-self-inflicted major injury: a retrospective cohort study Rebecca J Mitchell 1Ian A Harris 2Zsolt J Balogh 3Kate Curtis 4 5Brian Burns 6Ian Seppelt 7Julie Brown 5Pooria Sarrami 8 9Hardeep Singh 8Jean-Frederic Levesque 10 11Michael Dinh 8 12

13.Inj Prev 2022 Aug 12;ip-2022-044571. doi: 10.1136/ip-2022-044571. Intentions and willingness to engage in risky driving behaviour among high school adolescents: evaluating the b streetsmart road safety programme. Lisa Nicole Sharwood 1 2A Martiniuk 3Pooria Sarrami Foroushani 4 5Julie Seggie 6Stephanie Wilson 6Jeremy Hsu 6Brian Burns 7 8David Bruce Logan 9

14. Emerg Med Australas 2022 Jun 1. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.14008. Rocuronium ≤1.5 mg/kg versus >1.5 mg/kg and inadequate paralysis in prehospital and retrieval intubation: A retrospective study. Clare Hayes-Bradley 1 2Madelaine Tarrant 1

15. Emerg Med Australas 2022 May 30. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.14024. Characteristics, clinical findings and outcomes of acute aortic dissection: A comparison between an Australian emergency department and the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection. John Slaven 1 2Mark Evans 1Christopher Partyka 1 2 3Anders Aneman 2 4Paul M Middleton 1 2 5 6

16. Emerg Med Australas 2022 May 30. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.14021. Online ahead of print.Prospective, multicentre observational study of point-of-care ultrasound practice in emergency departments across Australia and New Zealand: The POCUS-ED Registry Christopher Partyka 1 2 3Scott Flannagan 4 5Genevieve Carbonatto 6Alexander Buttfield 7 8Stuart Watkins 9Scott Bomann 10 11Hatem Alkhouri 12 13Paul M Middleton 3 14POCUS-ED Registry Group

17. Ann Emerg Med 2022 Apr;79(4):e27-e28. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2021.10.017.Young Woman with Left Chest Pain.Christopher Partyka 1

18. BMJ Open 2022 Jun 9;12(6):e057175. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057175. Improving community-based first response to out of hospital cardiac arrest (FirstCPR): protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. Sonali Munot 1Julie Redfern 2 3Janet E Bray 4Blake Angell 3Adrian Bauman 5Andrew Coggins 6 7Alan Robert Denniss 7Cate Ferry 8Garry Jennings 9Pramesh Kovoor 7Saurabh Kumar 1 7Kevin Lai 6Sarah Khanlari 10Simone Marschner 1Paul M Middleton 11 12Michael Nelson 10Ian Opperman 13Christopher Semsarian 14Lee Taylor 10Matthew Vukasovic 6Sandra Ware 15Clara Chow 16 3 7

19. Int J Med Inform 2022 May;161:104734. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2022.104734. Epub 2022 Mar 8.Machine learning algorithms to classify self-harm behaviours in New South Wales Ambulance electronic medical records: A retrospective study. Alexander Burnett 1Nicola Chen 2Stephanie Zeritis 3Sandra Ware 4Lauren McGillivray 5Fiona Shand 5Michelle Torok 5

20. Resusc Plus 2022 Feb 6;9:100205. doi: 10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100205. eCollection 2022 Mar. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and bystander response by socioeconomic disadvantage in communities of New South Wales, Australia. Sonali Munot 1Emily J Rugel 1 2Amy Von Huben 1Simone Marschner 1Julie Redfern 3 4Sandra Ware 5Clara K Chow 1 4 6

21. Emerg Med Australas 2022 Jun;34(3):452-455. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.13972. Epub 2022 Apr 7. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes, end-tidal carbon dioxide and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation eligibility: New South Wales pilot data. Mark Dennis 1RESET Study Group and Sydney ECMO Research Interest Group 1 RESET Study Group and Sydney ECMO Research Interest GroupBrian BurnsSophie DysonDanielle AustinJessica Arnold, et al. 

Publications 2021

1. Transfusion 2021 Mar;61(3):730-737. doi: 10.1111/trf.16217. Epub 2020 Dec 8. Retrieval transfusion protocol in New South Wales, Australia: A retrospective review of the first 5 years. Sophie Shand 1 2Kate Curtis 1 3Michael Dinh 4 5 6Brian Burns 6 7

2. Prehosp Emerg Care 2021 May-Jun;25(3):404-411. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2020.1769781. Epub 2020 Jun 10. Prehospital Blood Transfusion in New South Wales, Australia: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Sophie ShandKate CurtisMichael DinhBrian Burns

3. Emerg Med Australas 2021 Dec;33(6):1066-1073. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.13805. Epub 2021 Jun 8.Emergency department management of severely injured children in New South Wales Kate Curtis 1 2 3 4Belinda Kennedy 1Mary K Lam 1Rebecca J Mitchell 5Deborah Black 6Brian Burns 6 7Michael Dinh 8Holly Smith 9Andrew Ja Holland 6 10

4. BMJ Open 2021 Mar 15;11(3):e046522. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046522. Protocol for a multicentre prehospital randomised controlled trial investigating tranexamic acid in severe trauma: the PATCH-Trauma trial. Biswadev Mitra 1 2 3Stephen Bernard 3 4 5Dashiell Gantner 3 4 6Brian Burns 7 8Michael C Reade 9 10 11Lynnette Murray 3 4 6Tony Trapani 3 4 6Veronica Pitt 3Colin McArthur 12Andrew Forbes 3Marc Maegele 13 14Russell L Gruen 15PATCH-Trauma study investigatorsPATCH-Trauma Study investigators

5. Injury 2022 Jan;53(1):61-68. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.02.036. Epub 2021 Feb 17. Pathways and factors that influence time to definitive trauma care for injured children in New South Wales, Australia. Kate Curtis 1Belinda Kennedy 2Mary K Lam 2Rebecca J Mitchell 3Deborah Black 4Brian Burns 5Michael Dinh 6Andrew Ja Holland 7

6. BMJ Open 2021 Jan 15;11(1):e042489. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042489. Description and prediction of outcome of drowning patients in New South Wales, Australia: protocol for a data linkage study. Amy E Peden 1 2Pooria Sarrami 3 4Michael Dinh 3 5Christine Lassen 3Benjamin Hall 3Hatem Alkhouri 6 7Lovana Daniel 4 7Brian Burns 5 8

7. Injury 2021 Aug;52(8):2486-2487. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.04.025. Epub 2021 Apr 9.Response to Letter to the Editor from Carmo et al. re Pathways and factors that influence time to definitive trauma care for injured children in New South Wales, Australia. Kate Curtis 1Andrew Ja Holland 2Deborah Black 3Brian Burns 4Rebecca J Mitchell 5Michael Dinh 6Belinda Kennedy 7Mary K Lam 7

Publications 2017-2020

  1. Prehospital Blood Transfusion in New South Wales, Australia: A Retrospective Cohort Study. May 2020. Prehospital Emergency Care. DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2020.1769781. Sophie Shand,Kate Curtis,Michael Dinh,Brian J Burns
  1. Toxicological analysis of serious drug-related harm among electronic dance music festival attendees in New South Wales, Australia: A consecutive case series. May 2020. Drug Alcohol Depend. Eleanor Black 1Laksmi Govindasamy 2Robin Auld 3Kylie McArdle 4Caroline Sharpe 5Andrew Dawson 4Santiago Vazquez 6Jonathan Brett 4Caren Friend 7Vanessa Shaw 6Sophie Tyner 5Catherine McDonald 6David Koop 8Gary Tall 9Deb Welsby 3Karel Habig 9Daniel Madeddu 10Michelle Cretikos 3
  1. Decision support tool and suggestions for the development of guidelines for the helicopter transport of patients with COVID-19. May 2020. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med.Per P BredmoseMonica DiczbalisEmma ButterfieldKarel HabigAndrew PearceSvein Are Osbakk, Ville VoipioMarcus RudolphAlistair MaddockJohn O’Neill
  1. In‐Depth Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Adult Out‐of‐Hospital Cardiac Arrest. May 2020. Journal of the American Heart Association 9(1). DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.120.016521. Mark Dennis, Sean Lal, Paul Forrest, Allistair Nichol, Lionel Lamhaut, Richard Totaro, Brian Burns, Claudio Sandroni
  1. Cause, treatment costs and 12-month functional outcomes of children with major injury in NSW, Australia. May 2020. Injury. Kate Curtis 1Belinda Kennedy 2Mary K Lam 3Rebecca J Mitchell 4Deborah Black 5Brian Burns 6Leslie White 4Allan Loudfoot 7Alfa D’Amato 8Michael Dinh 9Andrew J A Holland 1
  1. Determining the priorities for change in paediatric trauma care delivery in NSW, Australia. June 2020. Australas Emerg Care. Kate Curtis 1Belinda Kennedy 2Andrew J A Holland 3Rebecca J Mitchell 4Gary Tall 5Holly Smith 6Soundappan S V Soundappan 3Allan Loudfoot 5Brian Burns 7Michael Dinh
  1. Ketamine as a Prehospital Analgesic: A Systematic Review. June 2020. Prehosp Disaster Med. Akhil Bansal 1Matthew Miller 2 3 4Ian Ferguson 2 5 6Brian Burns 1 2 7
  1. Prospective observational study of mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and early reperfusion for refractory cardiac arrest in Sydney: the 2CHEER study.Mar 2020.Crit Care Resusc. Mark Dennis 1Hergen Buscher 2David Gattas 3Brian Burns 3Karel Habig 4Paul Bannon 3Sanjay Patel 3Heidi Buhr 5Claire Reynolds 2Sean Scott 2Priya Nair 2Jon Hayman 3Emily Granger 6Ryan Lovett 7Paul Forrest 3Jennifer Coles 5David A Lowe 2Sydney ECMO Research Interest Group.
  1. First Reported Helicopter In-flight Serratus Plane Block for Rib Fractures. Sep-Oct 2019. Air Med J. Justin McLean 1Sean Cooke 2Brian Burns 3Cliff Reid 3
  1. Identifying areas for improvement in paediatric trauma care in NSW Australia using a clinical, system and human factors peer-review tool. May 2019. Injury. Kate Curtis 1Belinda Kennedy 2Andrew J A Holland 3Gary Tall 4Holly Smith 5Soundappan S V Soundappan 3Brian Burns 6Rebecca J Mitchell 7Kellie Wilson 8Allan Loudfoot 4Michael Dinh 9Timothy Lyons 10Tona Gillen 11Stuart Dickinson 12
  1. Cost effectiveness and quality of life analysis of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) for refractory cardiac arrest. June 2019. Resuscitation. Mark Dennis 1Fredrick Zmudzki 2Brian Burns 3Sean Scott 4David Gattas 5Claire Reynolds 6Hergen Buscher 7Paul Forrest 8Sydney ECMO Research Interest Group
  1. Optimizing access and configuration of trauma centre care in New South Wales. May 2019. Injury. David Gomez 1Kristian Larsen 2Brian J Burns 3Michael Dinh 4Jeremy Hsu 5
  1. Long-term Effectiveness of the Airway Registry at Sydney Helicopter Emergency Medical Service. May-Jun 2019. Air Med J. Floris R W Oud 1Fabian O Kooij 2Brian J Burns 3
  1. FentAnyl or placebo with KeTamine for emergency department rapid sequence intubation: The FAKT study protocol. May 2019. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. Ian Ferguson 1James Milligan 2Alex Buttfield 3Shamus Shepherd 4Brian Burns 5Cliff Reid 5Anders Aneman 1Ian Harris 1
  1. Emergency and acute care management of traumatic spinal cord injury: a survey of current practice among senior clinicians across Australia. Dec 2018. BMC Emerg Med. Lisa N Sharwood 1Shelly Dhaliwal 2Jonathon Ball 3Brian Burns 4Oliver Flower 5Anthony Joseph 6Ralph Stanford 7James Middleton 2
  1. What is the impact of prehospital blood product administration for patients with catastrophic haemorrhage: an integrative review. Feb 2019 Sophie Shand 1Kate Curtis 2Michael Dinh 3Brian Burns 4
  1. Pre-hospital emergency anaesthesia in awake hypotensive trauma patients: Beneficial or detrimental? Jan 2019. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. Brian Burns 1 2Cliff Reid 1 2Karel Habig 1 2Matt Miller 1 2Geoff Healy 1
  1. Retrieval of critically ill adults using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: the nine-year experience in New South Wales. D E AustinB BurnsD LoweB CartwrightA ClarkeM DennisM D’SouzaR NathanP G BannonD GattasM ConnellanP Forrest.
  1. The reliability of thromboelastography in a simulated rotary wing environment. Dec 2018. Emerg Med J. Robert Scott 1Brian Burns 1Sandra Ware 1Floris Oud 1Matthew Miller 1 2
  1. Early ECPR for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Best practice in 2018. Sept 2018. Resuscitation. Alice Hutin 1Mamoun Abu-Habsa 2Brian Burns 3Steve Bernard 4Joe Bellezzo 5Zack Shinar 5Ervigio Corral Torres 6Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud 7Pierre Carli 8Lionel Lamhaut 9
  1. Major Trauma Outside a Trauma Center: Prehospital, Emergency Department, and Retrieval Considerations. Feb 2018. Emerg Med Clin North Am. Preston J Fedor 1Brian Burns 2Michael Lauria 3Clare Richmond 4
  1. Pre-hospital advanced airway management in children: a challenge that training can handle. Dec 2017. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. Joanna B Watterson 1 2Cliff Reid 3 4Brian J Burns 3 4Luke Regan.
  1. Pre-hospital pre-oxygenation strategies. Aug 2017. Anaesthesia. C Reid 1C Hayes-Bradley 1B Burns 1
  1. Mitigating risks of tracheal tube migration during transport. July 2017. Anaesth Intensive Care. C ReidR ScottB Burns
  1. Hypoxia and hypotension in patients intubated by physician staffed helicopter emergency medical services – a prospective observational multi-centre study. July 2017. BMC Emerg Med. Geir Arne Sunde  Mårten Sandberg 5 6Richard Lyon 7 8Knut Fredriksen 9 10Brian Burns 11 12Karl Ove Hufthammer 13Jo Røislien 14 15Akos Soti 16Helena Jäntti 17David Lockey 15 18Jon-Kenneth Heltne 19 20Stephen J M Sollid 14 1
  1. Meaningful Interventions in Prehospital and Retrieval Medicine. Nov-Dec 2017. Prehosp Emerg Care. Cliff ReidBrian Burns.
  1. On shift simulation in aeromedical operations- making it work. June 2017. Irish J of Paramed. John Glasheen, Luke Regan, Clare Richmond, Brian Burns. 
  1. Authors’ response: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation probably good, but adoption should not be too fast and furious! Aug 2017. Emerg Med J. Brian Burns 1Cliff Reid 2Rob Scott 3Stephen Bernard 4Lionel Lamhaut 5Joe Bellezzo 6Zack Shinar 7Mark Dennis 8Paul Forrest 9
  1. A review of the burns caseload of a physician-based helicopter emergency medical service. Aug 2017. Emerg Med Australas. Karina Hall 1Brian Burns 2
  1. Analysis of Out-of-Hospital Pediatric Intubation by an Australian Helicopter Emergency Medical Service. Dec 2017. Ann Emerg Med. Brian J Burns 1Joanna B Watterson 2Sandra Ware 3Luke Regan 4Cliff Reid 1
  1. Potential complication of the cruciform trauma position. Aug 2017. Emerg Med Australas. Cliff Reid 1Geoff Healy 1Brian Burns 1Karel Habig
  1. Lung ultrasound: a useful tool in the assessment of the dyspnoeic patient in the emergency department. Fact or fiction? Apr 2018. Emerg Med J. Yashvi Wimalasena 1 2 3Laura Kocierz 4Dan Strong 4Joanna Watterson 1Brian Burns 1 3
  1. End-tidal capnography tracing persists in fresh-frozen cadavers. Jul 2017. Am J Emerg Med.Ian Ferguson 1Cliff Reid 2Brian Burns 2Karel Habig 2Ricardo Hamilton 3Mohammed Shareef 4
  1. Improving care standards for patients with spinal trauma combining a modified e-Delphi process and stakeholder interviews: a study protocol. Jan 2017. BMJ Open.Lisa N Sharwood 1 2Ralph Stanford 3James W Middleton 1 2 4Brian Burns 1 5Anthony Joseph 6Oliver Flower 6Oran Rigby 2 5 7Jonathon Ball 2 6Shelly Dhaliwal
  1. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for refractory cardiac arrest: A multicentre experience. Mar 2017. Int J Cardiol. Mark Dennis 1Peter McCanny 2Mario D’Souza 3Paul Forrest 4Brian Burns 5David A Lowe 2David Gattas 6Sean Scott 7Paul Bannon 8Emily Granger 9Roger Pye 2Richard Totaro 6Sydney ECMO Research Interest Group.


Hemodynamic Response After Rapid Sequence Induction With Ketamine in Out-of-Hospital Patients at Risk of Shock as Defined by the Shock Index. Matthew Miller, Natalie Kruit, Charlotte Heldreich, Sandra Ware, Karel Habig, Cliff Reid, Brian Burns. Ann Emerg Med 2016. DOI:

Difficult Intubation Factors in Prehospital Rapid Sequence Intubation by an Australian Helicopter Emergency Medical Service. Burns B, Habig K, Eason H, Ware S. Air Med J. 2016 Jan- Feb;35(1):28-32. doi: 10.1016/j.amj.2015.10.002. I

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for refractory cardiac arrest: A multicentre experience. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Dec 6. pii: S0167-5273(16)33093-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.003. [Epub ahead of print] Dennis M1, McCanny P2, D’Souza M3, Forrest P4, Burns B5, Lowe DA2, Gattas D6, Scott S7, Bannon P8, Granger E9, Pye R2, Totaro R6; Sydney ECMO Research Interest Group.

Impact Brain Apnoea – a forgotten cause of cardiovascular collapse in trauma. Mark Wilson, John Hinds, Brian Burns, Gareth Grier, Simon Carley, Gareth Davies. Resuscitation. 2016 Aug;105:52-8. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.05.007. Epub 2016 May 20. Impact factor: 4.17 Altmetric 61.

The relationship between cabin and outside temperature and patient temperature gradient during helicopter transport. Miller M, Habig B, Burns B, Richmond C. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Journal 2016;44:3, 398-405. Impact factor 1.3

Review of therapeutic agents employed by an Australian aeromedical prehospital and retrieval service. Hayward M, Burns B, Regan L, Glasheen J. Emerg Med Australas. 2016 Jun;28(3):329-34. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12584. Impact factor: 1.29.

Management of critical illness with Non Invasive Ventilation by an Australian HEMS. Coggins, Andrew; Cummins, Erin; Burns, Brian. Emerg Med J 2016 Jul 1. pii: emermed-2015-205377. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2015-205377. [Epub ahead of print] Impact Factor: 1.77

Paediatric trauma systems and their impact on the health outcomes of severely injured children: protocol for a mixed methods cohort study. Curtis K, McCarthy A, Mitchell R, Black D, Foster K, Jan S, Burns B, Tall G, Rigby O, Kennedy B, Holland AJA. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2016 24:69 DOI: 10.1186/s13049-016-0260-1. Impact factor 2.03.

A human cadaveric workshop: One solution to competence in the face of rarity. Ferguson IM, Shareef MZ, Burns B, Reid C.Emerg Med Australas. 2016 May 13. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12601. [Epub ahead of print]

Does end-tidal capnography confirm tracheal intubation in fresh-frozen cadavers? Emerg Med J. 2016 Sep 23. pii: emermed-2016-206009. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2016-206009. [Epub ahead of print]Reid C1, Ferguson I2, Burns B1, Habig K1, Shareef M3.

Efficacy of nasal cannula oxygenation as a preoxygenation adjunct in emergency airway management. Clare Hayes-Bradley, Anthony Lewis, Brian Burns, Matt Miller. Ann Emerg Med.DOI:

Airway Management Study in Physician Manned Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (AIRPORT) Sunde G, Heltne JK, Lockey D, Burns,B et al Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2015, 23:57  doi:10.1186/s13049-015-0136-9

Apneic oxygenation was associated with decreased desaturation rates during rapid sequence intubation by an Australian helicopter emergency medicine service. Wimalasena Y, Burns B, Reid C, Ware S, Habig K. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Apr;65(4):371-6. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.11.014. Epub 2014 Dec 20. PMID: 25536868

Bilateral false-positive tube thoracostomy in helicopter emergency medical service: letter in reply. Burns B. Air Med J. 2015 May-Jun;34(3):120. doi: 10.1016/j.amj.2015.02.006. PMID:25934233

Effect of out-of-hospital noninvasive positive-pressure support ventilation in adult patients with severe respiratory distress: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mal S, McLeod S, Iansavichene A, Dukelow A, Lewell M. Ann Emerg Med. 2014 May;63(5):600-607.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.11.013. Epub 2013 Dec 15.

Tranexamic acid for trauma: filling the ‘GAP’ in evidence. PATCH Investigators (B.Burns). Emerg Med Australas. 2014 Apr;26(2):194-7. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12172.

Trauma and tranexamic acid.  PATCH Investigators (B.Burns).Med J Aust. 2014 Mar 17;200(5):255.

Sustained life-like waveform capnography after human cadaveric tracheal intubation. Reid C1Lewis AHabig KBurns BBillson FKunkel SFisk W. Emerg Med J. 2013 Oct 8. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2013-203105. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison of the Macintosh, McCoy, Airtraq laryngoscopes and the intubating laryngeal mask airway in a difficult airway with manual in-line stabilisation: A cross-over, simulation-based study. Sherren PB, Kong ML, Chang S. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013 May 16. [Epub ahead of print]

The obstetric caseload of a physician-based helicopter emergency medical service: case review and recommendations for retrieval physician training. Kaye R, Shewry E, Reid C, Burns B. Emerg Med J. 2013 May 23. [Epub ahead of print]

Are physicians required during winch rescue missions in an Australian helicopter emergency medical service? Sherren PBHayes-Bradley CReid CBurns BHabig KEmerg Med J. 2013 Jan 26. [Epub ahead of print]

Do emergency physicians and radiologists reliably interpret pelvic radiographs obtained as part of a trauma series. Bent C, Chicklore S, Newton A, Habig K, Harris T.  Emerg Med J. 2013 Feb;30(2):106-11. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2011-200433. Epub 2012 Mar 12.

Algorithm for the resuscitation of traumatic cardiac arrest patients in a physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service. Peter Sherren ,Cliff Reid,Karel Habig, Brian J Burns. Critical Care 2013, 17:308 (12 March 2013)

Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) over-triage and the financial implications for major trauma centres in NSW, Australia. Taylor CB, Curtis K, Jan S, Newcombe M. BMC Emerg Med. 2013 Jul 1;13:11. doi: 10.1186/1471-227X-13-11. PMID: 23815080

The effects of bed height and time on the quality of chest compressions delivered during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a randomised crossover simulation study. Lewinsohn A, Sherren PB, Wijayatilake DS. Emerg Med J. 2012 Aug;29(8):660-3. Epub 2011 Sep 2.

Primary scene responses by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in New South Wales Australia 2008-2009.
Colman B Taylor, Bette Liu, Eleanor Bruce, Brian Burns, Stephen Jan and John Myburgh. BMC Health Services Research 2012, 12:402 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-402

The cost-effectiveness of physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) transport to a major trauma centre in NSW, Australia. Taylor C, Jan S, Curtis K, Tzannes A, Li Q,Palmer C, Dickson C, Myburgh J. Injury. 2012 Aug 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Occult traumatic loculated tension pneumothorax- a sonographic diagnostic dilemmaBurns BJAguirrebarrena G Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012 Aug 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Life, limb and sight saving procedures. The challenge of competence in the face of rarity. Reid C, Clancy M.  Emerg Med J doi:10.1136/emermed-2012-201559

Emergency medicine in South Africa – time to catch up. Reid C, Habig K, Hsu R, Coombes S.  S Afr Med J. 2012 Sep 27;102(11 Pt 1):836. doi: 10.7196/samj.5913

A potential technique for flexible scope-assisted intubation using an Ambu aScope 2 inserted via a supraglottic airway device. Chatterjee J,Reid C , Lewis A.   Anaesth Intensive Care. 2012 Jul;40(4):724.

Prehospital lateral canthotomy – a first recorded case. Hill C, Reid C, Tzannes A, Burns B, Habig K, Bartlett M. Emerg Med J Published Online First: 2 July 2012 doi:10.1136/emermed-2012-201565

Critical care transport following balloon tamponade for variceal haemorhage. Court L, Fogg TReid C.  Eur J Emerg Med (in press)

Review of Intra-aortic balloon pump in medical retrieval.  B.Burns, K.Habig, C.Reid   Eur J Emerg Med. 2011 Dec 22. [Epub ahead of print]

Bag valve mask failure in an intubated stretcher winch. B.Burns, K. Edwards, T.House.  Air Med J. 2012 Mar;31(2):84-6.

Improving documentation in pre-hospital rapid sequence intubation. R.Bloomer,B.Burns,S.Ware,K.Habig.  Emerg Med J. 2012 Apr 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Bedside emergency department ultrasound in assessment of a gunshot wound. Burns,B  Australasian J Ultrasound in Medicine 2012 (in press)

Experience of pre-hospital falls-related trauma by an Australian helicopter emergency medical service. Janssen, D. Burns, B.  Injury. 2012 May 23. [Epub ahead of print]

Helicopter emergency medical service registrars do not comprehensively document primary surveys. S. Ware, C.Reid, B.Burns, K.Habig.  Eur J Emerg Med. 2012 Jul 2. [Epub ahead of print]

Retrieval of critically ill adults using ECMO: an Australian experience. Forrest P, Ratchford J, Burns B et al.  Intensive Care Medicine 2011 May; 37(5):824-30. Epub 2011 Feb 26.

Prehospital and in-hospital parameters and outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury: A comparison between German and Australian trauma registries. B.Burns, K.Habig, C.Reid, N.Ballard, A.Pearce, M.Hooper  Injury. 2011 Sep;42(9):966. Epub 2011 Apr 6.

An investigation into the cost, coverage and activities of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Taylor CB,Stevenson M, Jan S, Liu B, Tall G, Middleton PM, Fitzharris M, Myburgh J. Injury. 2011 Oct;42(10):1088-94. Epub 2011 Apr 3.

Traumatic pericardial tamponade treated by pericardiocentesis. Burns, BJ.   Emerg Med Austral 2011 Jun; 23(3):384

Prehospital resuscitative hysterotomy. Bloomer R, Reid C, Wheatley R.
  Eur J Emerg Med 2011 Aug;18(4):241-2.

Availability and utilisation of physician based pre-hospital critical care support to the NHS Ambulance Service in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Hyde P, Mackenzie R, Ng G, Reid C, Pearson G. Emerg Med J. 2012 Mar;29(3):177-81. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Pre-hospital use of intranasal ketamine for paediatric burn injury. Reid C, Hatton R, Middleton P. Emerg Med J. 2011 Apr;28(4):328-9. Epub 2011 Feb 3

Coronary artery dissection: an unusal cause of hypoxia in blunt trauma.  B.Burns. G. Healy. Prehosp Emerg Care 2011 Jul-Sep; 15(3):414-7. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Logistics and Safety of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Medical Retrieval during the H1N1 Pandemic. Burns BJ, Habig K, Reid C, Kernick P, Wilkinson C, Tall G, Coombes S, Manning R. 
 Prehosp Emerg Care. 2011 Apr-Jun;15(2):246-53. Epub 2011 Feb 4.

Review of Aeromedical Intra-aortic Balloon Pump Retrieval in New South Wales. B.Burns, C.Reid, K.Habig.  Heart, Lung and Circulation 2011; 20, Supp 2,S144

Outcomes of severely injured adult trauma patients in an Australian health service: does trauma center level make a difference? Curtis K, Chong S, Mitchell R, Newcombe M, Black D, Langcake M.World J Surg. 2011 Oct;35(10):2332-40. doi: 10.1007/s00268-011-1217-1.  PMID: 21845457

Pre-hospital tension viscerothorax presenting as tension pneumothorax: a diagnostic dilemma. Jones C, Tzannes A, Reid C.
 Emerg Med J 2010;27:864-5

Non-septic hyperlactataemia in the emergency department. Reid C, Collyer-Merritt H, Rees V.
Emerg Med J 2010;27:411-2

Google Governance: increasing the effectiveness of critical care physicians through the use of an online usergroup. Reid C, Harper S, Tzannes A, Habig K et al.
Emerg Med J 2010;27:50-1

ECMO retrieval in NSW and beyond. C. Jones, C. Hommers, B. Burns, P. Forrest.
Current Anaesthesia & Critical Care 2010 21;5-6: 282-286

Prehospital physician management of pericardial tamponade due to penetrating trauma. Reid C, Habig K.
Amer J Em Med 2010;28:384


SMACC Force. Prehospital and retrieval medicine pre-conference, SMACC US, Chicago, 2015. Clare Richmond, Karel Habig, Geoff Healy, Brian Burns, Cliff Reid.

Advice to a Young Resuscitationist: It is Up to Us to Save the World. Cliff Reid. SMACC US, Chicago, 2015.

When that 1% makes all the difference. Brian Burns. University of Cinncinati Medical Centre, EM Grand Rounds, Cinn., Ohio, 2015.

Aeromedical prehospital interventions. The sky’s the limit? Brian Burns, SWAN Trauma Conference, Sydney 2014

Paediatric traumatic brain injury: case presentation. Paula Sinclair, Sydney Children’s Hospital Network, Annual Paediatric Trauma Seminar, Sydney 2014

Does apnoeic diffusion oxygenation decrease desaturation rates during rapid sequence intubation by an Australian Helicopter Emergency Medicine Service. Yashvi Wimalasena. ICEM 2014, Hong Kong. (poster)

A CHEER trial in NSW? Brian Burns. Resus at the Park 2014, Sydney, Australia (plenary)

SCAT paramedics in resuscitation. Cameron Edgar. Resus at the Park 2014, Sydney, Australia. (oral).

Resuscitation and medical retrieval in the critically ill. Karel Habig.  Resus at the Park 2014, Sydney, Australia. (oral).

Impact brain apnoea. Brian Burns. Resus at the Park 2014, Sydney, Australia. (oral).

Anaesthetic emergency simulation. Anthony Lewis. Resus at the Park 2014, Sydney, Australia. (oral).

Case presentation: pre-hospital & hospital. Paula Sinclair. SCHN Paediatric Trauma Seminar 2014, Sydney.

Winch operations. Cliff Reid, Retrieval 2014. Glasgow, Scotland. (plenary)

Retrieval Leadership. Cliff Reid, Retrieval 2014. Glasgow, Scotland. (plenary)

The design and implementation of a dedicated, regular, simulation coordinator shift into the working patterns of physicians working with a HEMS. Luke Regan. Retrieval 2014. Glasgow, Scotland (poster)

Avoiding the bite of the hen’s teeth. Luke Regan. Retrieval 2014. Glasgow, Scotland (poster)

Getting it right first time: a prospective descriptive study of first pass success rates in paediatric intubations conducted by a physician-based HEMS. Luke Regan. Retrieval 2014. Glasgow, Scotland (poster)

When should resuscitation stop? Cliff Reid. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia (plenary)

Logistics and Winches: Saving Lives in the Back of Beyond. Brian Burns. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia

Apnoeic diffusion oxygenation. Yashvi Wimalasena. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia (free paper)

Getting it right the first time. Luke Regan. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia (free paper)

Phone a friend, Telemedicine for paramedics. John Glasheen. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia (free paper)

Mile high anaesthesia. Geoff Healy. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia (oral)

The future of prehospital care. Karel Habig. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia (oral)

Resuscitation dogmalysis. C.Reid. SMACC Gold 2014, Gold Coast, Australia (plenary)

A traumatic day in May. Sanj Fernando. Developing EM 2014, Salvador, Brazil.

Trauma Day-patient 1-3. Sanj Fernando. Developing EM 2014, Salvador, Brazil

RSI in the Field. Fergal McCourt. Developing EM 2014, Salvador, Brazil

Critical care education with a global focus. Lee Fineberg, Mark Newcombe. Developing EM 2014, Salvador, Brazil.

Pre-hospital blood transfusion: a 5-year experience of an Australian helicopter emergency medical service. Peter Sherren*, Brian J Burns. Retrieval 2013, Scotland, UK.

Making things happen. C. Reid. SMACC 2013(plenary).

How to be a hero. C.Reid. SMACC 2013(plenary).

To Air is human. K. Habig. SMACC 2013, Sydney(oral).

Always carry your scalpel. B.Burns. SMACC 2013, Sydney (oral).

Trauma before and beyond the hospital. B.Burns. SMACC 2013, Sydney(oral).

PHARM-the year in review. A. Tzannes. SMACC 2013, Sydney (oral).

Acute CT Interpretation. Sanj Fernando. Developing EM 2013, Havana, Cuba.

Abdominal CT Interpretation. Keith Edwards. Developing EM 2013, Havana, Cuba.

Simulation Training. Clare Richmond, Anthony Lewis. Developing EM 2013, Havana, Cuba.

Algorithm for the resuscitation of traumatic cardiac arrest patients in a physician staffed helicopter emergency medical service. Peter Sherren*, Cliff Reid, Karel Habig, Brian J Burns. 33rd International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2013, Brussels, Belgium (poster)

Pre-hospital blood transfusion: a 5-year experience of an Australian helicopter emergency medical service. Peter  Sherren*, Brian J Burns33rd International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2013, Brussels, Belgium (poster)

Are physicians required during winch rescue missions in an Australian helicopter emergency medical service? Peter Sherren*, Clare Hayes-Bradley, Cliff Reid, Karel Habig, Brian J Burns. 33rd International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2013, Brussels, Belgium (poster)

Inside the Red Zone. Kent Robinson. Developing EM 2012, Sydney.

Disaster Medicine Response in NSW. Gary Tall. Developing EM 2012, Sydney

Useful Prehospital Techniques for the ED. Neil Ballard. Developing EM 2012, Sydney.

Brain Resuscitation. Kent Robinson. Developing EM 2012, Sydney.

Trauma Team Training. Anthony Lewis. Developing EM 2012, Sydney.

P.Sherren. The lethal triad in burns patients :an issue for prehospital care? ASA + FNA 2012 (oral)

P.Sherren. Are physicians required during HEMS winch rescue missions? ASA + FNA 2012 (oral)

K.Habig. Novel training in Prehospital and Retrieval Medicine. ASA + FNA 2012 (oral)

C. Reid. Keeping up to date in prehospital and retrieval medicine. ASA + FNA 2012 (oral)

B.Burns. The aeromedical retrieval of patients with cardiopulmonary support. ASA + FNA 2012 (oral)

B.Burns. Improving documentation in pre-hospital rapid sequence intubation  ASA + FNA 2012 (oral)

B. Burns. The aeromedical retrieval of patients on ECMO. ICEM 2012, Dublin, June 2012 (Oral presentations)

Lupton T, Lansdown A, Reid C, Burns B, Weatherall A.
 Pre-hospital regional anaesthesia for femoral shaft fracture by australian physicians: incidence, technique, and associated scene times.
 International Conference on Emergency Medicine (ICEM). 2012 Dublin

B. Burns. Prehospital management thoracic trauma. ACEM ASM, Sydney, November 2011 (Oral presentation)

B. Burns. Retrieval of critically ill adults using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: an Australian experience. AirMed 2011, Brighton, UK, May 2011 (Oral presentation)

C. Reid. Post-cardiac arrest hyperoxia – bad critical care or good retrieval medicine?. AirMed 2011, Brighton, UK, May 2011 (Oral presentation)

Reid C, Burns B, Habig K.
 Logistics and safety of ECMO retrieval during the H1N1 pandemic. 
International Conference on Emergency Medicine (ICEM). 2010 Singapore (Oral presentation)

Lupton T, Reid C, Habig K, Burns B. 
Clinical applications of handheld sonography in a pre-hospital and retrieval medicine service
 International Conference on Emergency Medicine (ICEM). 2010 Singapore

Chen L, Kalotay G, Reid C, Tall G, Chan L, Ware S.
 Paediatric mission profile of a pre-hospital and retrieval medicine service.
 International Conference on Emergency Medicine (ICEM). 2010 Singapore

Court L, Fogg T, Reid C.
 Critical care transport following balloon tamponade for variceal haemorhage.
 International Conference on Emergency Medicine (ICEM). 2010 Singapore

Burns,B Review of aeromedical intra-aortic balloon pump retrieval in New South Wales. Cardiac Society Australia & New Zealand ASM, Perth, Australia, August 2011 & EUSEM 2010, Stockholm, Sweden

Janssen D, Burns B. Experience of pre-hospital falls-related trauma by an Australian HEMS. ACEM Winter Symposium, Queenstown, New Zealand, July 2011 & AirMed 2011, Brighton, UK.

Coxon L, Cummins FH, Reid C.
 A One Year Review of Aeromedical Winch Retrieval Missions in the Greater Sydney Area, NSW
 Australasian College of Emergency Medicine 26th Annual Scientific Meeting, 2009 Melbourne 
Emergency Medicine Australasia 2010;22(S1):A40

B. Burns. ECMO retrieval during the H1N1 pandemic by the Greater Sydney Area HEMS Emergency Medicine Society South Africa 2009, Cape Town, South Africa 2009 (Oral presentation)

Kernick P, Cummins FH, Reid C, Trevithick S, Rees V.
 A Review of the Helicopter Retrieval Process for Critically Ill Bariatric Patients in New South Wales
 Australasian College of Emergency Medicine 26th Annual Scientific Meeting, 2009 Melbourne
Emergency Medicine Australasia 2010;22(S1):A41

Kernick P, Cummins FH, Habig K, Reid C, Coombes S, Trevithick S, Williams LL, Collyer-Merritt H.
 The Logistical Process for Transportation of Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation 
Australasian College of Emergency Medicine 26th Annual Scientific Meeting, 2009 Melbourne
 Emergency Medicine Australasia 2010;22(S1):A41

Tall G, Reid C, Habig K. 
Competence in the Face of Complexity
 Australasian College of Emergency Medicine 26th Annual Scientific Meeting, 2009 Melbourne
 Emergency Medicine Australasia 2010;22(S1):A21

Cummins F, Reid C, Varshney K, Chan L.
 The development of a dedicated pre-hospital and retrieval ultrasound course for HEMS retrieval services.
 5th World Congress on Ultrasound in Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 2009 Sydney

Reid C, Cummins F, Habig K, Varshney K. 
Introducing Handheld Ultrasonography to a HEMS pre-hospital and retrieval medicine service: canvassing physicians’ concerns.
 5th World Congress on Ultrasound in Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 2009 Sydney

Reid C, Cummins F, Habig K, Varshney K. 
Implementing handheld ultrasonography in pre-hospital and retrieval medicine – from consultation to practice
 5th World Congress on Ultrasound in Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 2009 Sydney

B.Burns. Pre-hospital and inter-hospital retrieval systems in NSW. ACEM Winter Symposium,Darwin, NT, June 2009.


1 Response to Publications

  1. Pingback: OXY’s LOG – ‘Between shock and a hard place…’ | Greater Sydney Area HEMS

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