A Norwegian randomised controlled trial over five years compared out-of-hospital nontraumatic cardiac arrest outcomes between ACLS protocols with and without access to intravenous drugs (epinephrine/adrenaline, atropine, amiodarone).
Patients randomised to the drug group had a higher rate of hospital admission with return of spontaneous circulation, but there was no significant difference in survival to discharge, survival with favourable neurological outcome, or one year survival.
Intravenous Drug Administration During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
JAMA. 2009 Nov 25;302(20):2222-9